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"El propocito de esta carta es para considerar al doctor Pat Solis como buen doctor y buen sirugano. Recomemdamos que vallan a visita a su consutoria."
Adhesions: Scars that bind together affected surfaces of the tissues inside the abdomen or uterus.
Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP): A protein produced by a growing fetus; it is present in amniotic fluid and, in smaller amounts, in the mother's blood.

A procedure in which a small amount of amniotic fluid is taken from the sac surrounding the fetus and tested.
Amniotic Fluid: Water in the sac surrounding the fetus in the mother's uterus.
Anesthesia: Relief of pain by loss of sensation.
Not a cancer; does not spread to other parts of the body.
A minor surgical procedure to remove a small piece of tissue that is then examined under a microscope.
Breast Implants:
Sacs filled with saline or silicone gel that are placed in the chest or breast area.
Cervix: The lower, narrow end of the uterus, which protrudes into the vagina.
Chorionic Villi: Microscopic, fingerlike projections that make up the placenta.
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS): A procedure in which a small sample of cells is taken from the placenta and tested.
Chromosomes: Structures that are located inside each cell in the body and contain the genes that determine a person's physical makeup.
Collaborative Practice:
A type of practice where care is given by a team of professional.
Colposcopy: Viewing of the cervix, vulva, or vagina under magnification with an instrument called a colposcope.
Cone Biopsy: Surgical removal of cone-shaped wedges of cervical tissue.
Cryosurgery: A freezing technique used to destroy diseased tissue; also known as "cold cautery."
Dilation and Curettage (D&C):
A procedure in which the cervix is opened and tissue is gently scraped or suctioned from the inside of the uterus.
Down Syndrome: A genetic disorder caused by the presence of an extra chromosome and characterized by mental retardation, abnormal facial features, and medical problems such as heart defects.
Dysplasia: A noncancerous condition that occurs when normal cells on the surface of the cervix are replaced by a layer of abnormal cells. Dysplasia is classified as mild, moderate or severe.
Ectopic Pregnancy:
A pregnancy in which the fertilized egg begins to grow in a place other than inside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes.
Electrocautery: A procedure in which an instrument works with electric current to destroy tissue.
Endometrial Ablation:
Removal of the lining of the womb. Removing the uterine lining decreases menstrual flow or stops it completely. Ablation means removal or excision, usually surgically. The word comes from the Latin ablatum meaning to carry away. The endometrium is the inner layer of the uterus (womb), the uterine lining which is normally shed monthly in response to the hormonal changes of the menstrual period.
Endometrial Hyperplasia:
A condition characterized by overgrowth of the lining of the uterus. Hyperplasia means overgrowth. The endometrium is the inner layer of the uterus.
The presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus that often results in severe pain and infertility.
A surgical procedure for widening the outlet of the birth canal to facilitate delivery of the baby and to avoid a jagged rip of the perineum (the area between the anus and the vulva, the opening to the vagina).
Benign (noncancerous) growths that form on the inside of the uterus, on its outer surface, or within the uterine wall itself.
Genes: DNA "blueprints" that code for specific traits, such as hair and eye color.
Gram's Stain:
A method of identifying bacteria by staining a specimen with dye and using a microscope to observe the cell. This test is used to identify gonorrhea bacteria but is only positive in about half of all cases in women, so it cannot be used alone as a definitive diagnosis.
The branch of medicine that involves care of women's health, including the reproductive system and breasts.
An inherited blood disorder caused by a defect in the clotting ability of blood cells. People with hemophilia bleed profusely and easily, either spontaneously and/or with injury.
Hormones: Substances produced by the body to control the functions of various organs.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV):
A virus that attacks certain cells of the body's immune system and causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Human Papillomavirus (HPV):
The common name for a group of related viruses. Some of these viruses cause genital warts and are linked to cervical changes and cancer.
Hysterosalpingography (HSG):
A special X-ray procedure in which a small amount of fluid is injected into the uterus and fallopian tubes to detect abnormal changes in their size and shape or to determine whether the tubes are blocked.
Infertility: The inability to conceive a child. There can be multiple causes of infertility in both men and women. A major cause of infertility is scar tissue due to infection of the upper genital tract caused by sexually transmitted diseases that go untreated. A condition in which a woman has been unable to get pregnant after 12 months without the use of any form of birth control.
Laparoscopy: A surgical procedure in which a slender, light-transmitting instrument, the laparoscope, is used to view the pelvic organs or perform surgery.
Laser: A small, intense beam of light used as a surgical tool.
Excision of breast tissue with a limited amount of surrounding tissue.
A photograph of the breasts made by X rays
Mastectomy: Simple: a mastectomy in which the breast, associated skin, nipple and areola are removed. Radical: a simple mastectomy including the removal of the axillary lymph nodes and pectoral muscles.Modified-Radical: a radical mastectomy without removing the pectoral muscles.
Menopause: The process in a woman's life when ovaries stop functioning and menstruation stops.
Miscarriage: The spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the fetus can survive outside the uterus.
Mucus Penentrance Test:
A test to determine sperm function by evaluating sperm's ability to move through the woman's cervical mucus.
Myomectomy: Surgery to remove a fibroid from the uterus. A fibroid, or leiomyoma, is a benign tumor that arises from the myometrium, the muscular wall of the uterus.
Neural Tube Defect (NTD): A fetal birth defect that results from improper development of the brain, spinal cord, or their coverings.
A doctor with special skills, training, and education in women's health care.
The branch of medicine that involves care of a woman during pregnancy, labor, childbirth, and after the baby is born.
A preventable and treatable disease that thins and weakens your bones, making them fragile and more likely to break.
Ovaries: Two glands, located on either side of the uterus, that contain the eggs released at ovulation and produce hormones.
Pap Test: A test in which cells are scraped off the cervix and examined for abnormalities; used to detect changes that might precede cervical cancer and to diagnose viral infections such as herpes simplex.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (Pid): Inflammation of the female reproductive tract and especially the fallopian tubes that is caused especially by sexually transmitted disease, occurs more often in women using intrauterine devices, and is a leading cause of female sterility.
The time before menopause, usually beginning three to five years before the final period.
Tissue that connects woman and fetus and provides nourishment to and takes away waste from the fetus.
Polycystic Ovarian Disease: Also known as hyperandrogenic anovulation, this is a condition where multiple cysts are found on your ovaries. It typically prevents ovulation.
Post-Coital Test:
A test which evaluates the sexual compatibility of a man and woman.
Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS): A varying constellation of symptoms manifested by some women prior to menstruation that may include emotional instability, irritability, insomnia, fatigue, anxiety, depression, headache, edema, and abdominal pain
Progesterone: A female hormone that is produced in the ovaries and makes the lining of the uterus grow. When its level falls, menstruation occurs.
Saline-Infusion Sonogram (SIS):
Involves administering sterile saline into the uterine cavity under sonographic guidance, allowing evaluation of the endometrial contour.
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD):
A disease that is spread by sexual contact, including chlamydia infection, gonorrhea, genital warts, herpes, syphilis, and infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the cause of acquired immunodeficiency disease [AIDS]).
Speculum: An instrument used to spread the walls of the vagina so that the cervix can be seen.
Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (SIL):
A condition that occurs when normal cells on the surface of the cervix are replaced by a layer of abnormal cells. SIL is classified as high grade or low grade. It is not cancer.
Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultrasound waves can be bounced off of tissues using special devices. The echoes are then converted into a picture called a sonogram. Ultrasound imaging, referred to as ultrasonography, allows physicians and patients to get an inside view of soft tissues and body cavities, without using invasive techniques. Ultrasound is often used to examine a fetus during pregnancy. There is no convincing evidence for any danger from ultrasound during pregnancy.
A muscular organ that is located in the female abdomen and contains and nourishes the developing embryo and fetus during pregnancy.
The lips of the external female genital area.
Western Blot:
A laboratory test for specific antibodies to confirm repeatedly reactive results on the HIV ELISA or EIA test. In the United States, Western blot is the validation test used most often for confirmation of these other tests.

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